The Synthesis of Complex Audio Spectra by Means of Frequency Modulation

TitleThe Synthesis of Complex Audio Spectra by Means of Frequency Modulation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1973
AuthorsChowning, J.
JournalJournal of the Audio Engineering Society
PaginationJ. Audio Eng. Soc. 21 (7), 526-534.
Keywordsdynamic spectra, FM synthesis, frequency modulation synthesis
AbstractA new application of the well-known process of frequency modulation is shown to result in a surprising control of audio spectra. The technique provides a means of great simplicity to control the spectral components and their evolution in time. Such dynamic spectra are diverse in their subjective impressions and include sounds both known and unknown.
Alternate JournalReprinted in Musical Aspects of the Electronic Medium, Report on Electronic Music, ed. F. Weiiand. Utrecht: Institute of Sonology, 1975. Reprinted in Computer Music Journal 1(2) 1977. Reprinted in Roads, C., and J. Strawn, Eds. Foundations of Computer Mus
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