Efficient antialiasing oscillator algorithms using low-order fractional delay filters

TitleEfficient antialiasing oscillator algorithms using low-order fractional delay filters
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsNam, J., V. Välimäki, J. S. Abel, and J. O. Smith III
JournalIEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing
Start Page773
Date Published05/2010
KeywordsAntialiasing, audio oscillators, audio signal processing, interpolation, signal synthesis
Abstract One of the challenges in virtual analog synthesis is avoiding aliasing when generating classic waveforms such as sawtooth and square wave which have theoretically infinite bandwidth in their ideal forms. The human auditory system renders a certain amount of aliasing inaudible, which allows room for finding cost-effective algorithms. This paper suggests efficient algorithms to reduce the aliasing using low-order fractional delay filters in the framework of bandlimited impulse train (BLIT) synthesis. Examining Lagrange, B-spline interpolators and allpass fractional delay filters, optimized methods will be discussed for generating classic waveforms (sawtooth, square, and triangle). Techniques for generating more complicated harmonics such as pulse width modulation, hard-sync, and super-saw are also presented. The perceptual evaluation is performed by comparing the threshold of hearing and masking curve of oscillators with their aliasing levels. The result shows that the BLIT using the computationally efficient third-order B-spline generates waveforms that are perceptually free of aliasing within practically used fundamental frequencies.
Full Text