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MDKC and MDWDF for Timoshenko's System

Nitsche [131] showed how to write a MDKC and MDWD network corresponding to Timoshenko's system. In order to deal with the asymmetric coupling of the system of equations, he constructed a network using both MD capacitors and inductors, but here we will take the more conventional approach, and use a gyrator (For computational purposes, there is no essential difference between this representation and his.)

Consider again the Timoshenko system of (5.17) and (5.18). We can scale the variables just as for the transmission line (see §3.7). That is, we can write

$\displaystyle v = r_{1}i_{1}\hspace{0.5in}q = i_{2}\hspace{0.5in}\omega = i_{3}\hspace{0.5in}m = r_{2}i_{4}$ (5.22)

where the constants $ r_{1}$ and $ r_{2}$, are strictly positive. We introduce, as before, the scaled time variable $ t' = v_{0}t$ where $ v_{0}$ is the space step/time step ratio. Then the Timoshenko system can be rewritten as

$\displaystyle \begin{eqnarray}v_{0}r_{1}^{2}\rho A \frac{\partial i_{1}}{\parti...
...}}{\partial t'} &=& r_{1}\frac{\partial i_{1}}{\partial x}-i_{3} \end{eqnarray}$ (5.23a)

$\displaystyle \begin{eqnarray}v_{0}\rho I \frac{\partial i_{3}}{\partial t'} &=...
...l i_{4}}{\partial t'} &=& r_{2}\frac{\partial i_{3}}{\partial x} \end{eqnarray}$ (5.24a)

The constant proportional terms on the right-hand side appear anti-symmetrically, and can be interpreted as a lossless gyrator coupling. We can now write down a MDKC for the scaled system of equations; it is shown, along with element values in Figure 5.5. Its MDWD counterpart is pictured in Figure 5.6. Here, we have used the coordinate transformation defined in (3.18) with step sizes $ T_{1}=T_{2}=\sqrt{2}\Delta$. We have used $ T' = \Delta$ for the one-port time inductors.

Figure 5.5: MDKC for Timoshenko's system.

% graphpaper(0,0)(585,150)
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R_{G} \!\!\!\!\!&=&\!\!\!\!1\notag

An MDWD network can obviously also be designed to operate on alternating grids, just as in the case of the (1+1)D transmission line.

A comment is necessary regarding the gyrator in Figure 5.6. In order to deal with the delay-free loop which arises from the placement of a gyrator between two series junctions, we have set the corresponding ports of the series junctions on either side of the gyrator to be reflection-free. This, however, means that the two port resistances of the gyrator are not, in general, equal to the gyrator constant, which, in this case, will be $ 1$. In terms of wave variables, the signal flow diagram of the gyrator will not be of the simple form of (2.26), but takes the more general form of (2.25) mentioned in §2.3.4. It is of course also possible to set only one of the ports connected to the gyrator to be reflection-free, (say $ R_{5} = R_{0}+R_{2}$), and then the other port resistance to be $ R_{6} = R_{5}$, in which case the general gyrator form degenerates to a pair of scalings.

Figure 5.6: MDWD network for Timoshenko's system.

\par\put(0,0){\epsfig{file = /user/b/bilbao/WDF/latex/b...
...\!\!&=&\!\!\!\! 2r_{2}/\Delta\notag

As for the parameters $ r_{1}$ and $ r_{2}$, an optimal choice can be shown to be
$\displaystyle r_{1}$ $\displaystyle =$ $\displaystyle \left(\max_{x}(AG\kappa)\min_{x}(\rho A)\right)^{-\frac{1}{2}}$  
$\displaystyle r_{2}$ $\displaystyle =$ $\displaystyle \left(\max_{x}(EI)\min_{x}(\rho I)\right)^{\frac{1}{2}}$  

which yields the bound

$\displaystyle v_{0}\geq \max\left(\sqrt{\frac{\max_{x}(AG\kappa)}{\min_{x}(\rho A)}}, \sqrt{\frac{\max_{x}(EI)}{\min_{x}(\rho I)}}\right)\geq\gamma_{T, max}^{g}$ (5.25)

which is the same as that which is derived in [131]. We will show how to improve upon this bound in §5.2.6.

next up previous
Next: Waveguide Network for Timoshenko's Up: Timoshenko's Beam Equations Previous: Dispersion
Stefan Bilbao 2002-01-22