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Next: Discretization in the Spectral Up: MD Circuit Elements Previous: The MD Inductor

Other MD Elements

The inductor and capacitor are the only circuit elements which need a more involved treatment in the MD case% latex2html id marker 80461
\setcounter{footnote}{2}\fnsymbol{footnote}. The capacitor is treated as the dual to the inductor, replacing $ v$ by $ i$ and $ L$ by $ C$, and needs no further comment, other than that, as with the lumped capacitor, there is no sign inversion in the resulting MD wave one-port. The graphical representations of these MD one-ports and their MDWD equivalents are shown in Figure 3.5. Note that for the sake of compactness, in the circuit diagrams that will follow, we will use the derivative notation of the MDWDF literature [131] where we have

$\displaystyle D_{j}\triangleq \frac{\partial}{\partial t_{j}}$    

for some transformed coordinate $ t_{j}$. In some instances, derivatives with respect to the original untransformed variables appear, and we will write

$\displaystyle D_{t}\triangleq\frac{\partial}{\partial t}\hspace{0.2in},\hspace{...
...n},\hspace{0.2in}D_{y}\triangleq\frac{\partial}{\partial y}\hspace{0.2in}\hdots$    

We will also use the notation

$\displaystyle D_{t'} \triangleq \frac{1}{v_{0}}\frac{\partial}{\partial t}$    

to refer to the dimensionless time derivative, which appears frequently. Also, in a signal flow graph, we represent the operation of shifting by $ T_{j}$ in direction $ t_{j}$ by the symbol $ {\bf T}_{j}$. In cases where the system or $ N$-port is linear and shift-invariant, we will be able to replace $ {\bf T}_{j}$ by $ z_{j}^{-1}$, the transmittance of a shift in direction $ t_{j}$ (see the next section).

Figure 3.5: MDWD one-ports-- (a) an MD inductor, with inductance $ L$, direction $ t_{j}$ and its MDWD counterpart, for step-size $ T_{j}$ and $ R=2L/T_{j}$ and (b) an MD capacitor, of capacitance $ C$, direction $ t_{j}$ and its MDWD one-port, with step-size $ T_{j}$ and port resistance $ R = T_{j}/2C$.
% graphpaper(0,0)(540,110...
\end{picture} \end{center} \vspace{0.3in}

All the other elements for which we will have a use, namely the resistor, transformer and gyrator, as well as scattering junctions are memoryless and hence their pointwise behavior in MD is identical to that of their lumped counterparts. Their graphical representations are also identical (see §2.2.4). We must keep in mind however, that these are still distributed elements. For example, a resistor of resistance $ R({\bf t})$ in an MDKC represents some resistivity at every point in the domain of the problem.

A network made up of Kirchoff connections of $ N$-ports which are individually MD-passive can be shown (through the use of Tellegen's Theorem [136], which is unchanged in multiple dimensions) to be be MD-passive as a whole [44].

next up previous
Next: Discretization in the Spectral Up: MD Circuit Elements Previous: The MD Inductor
Stefan Bilbao 2002-01-22