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Finite Impulse Response Digital Filters

In §5.1 we defined the general difference equation for IIR filters, and a couple of second-order examples were diagrammed in Fig.5.1. In this section, we take a more detailed look at the special case of Finite Impulse Response (FIR) digital filters. In addition to introducing various terminology and practical considerations associated with FIR filters, we'll look at a preview of transfer-function analysis (Chapter 6) for this simple special case.

Figure: The general, causal, length $ N=M+1$ , finite-impulse-response (FIR) digital filter. For FIR filters, direct-form I and direct-form II are the same (see Chapter 9).
\includegraphics{eps/fir}

Figure 5.5 gives the signal flow graph for a general causal FIR filter Such a filter is also called a transversal filter, or a tapped delay line. The implementation shown is classified as a direct-form implementation.



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``Introduction to Digital Filters with Audio Applications'', by Julius O. Smith III, (September 2007 Edition).
Copyright © 2014-03-23 by Julius O. Smith III
Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics (CCRMA),   Stanford University
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