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Flanger Speed and Excursion

As mentioned above, the delay-line length $ M(n)$ in a digital flanger is typically modulated by a low-frequency oscillator (LFO). The oscillator waveform is usually triangular, sinusoidal, or exponential (triangular on a log-frequency scale). In the sinusoidal case, we have the following delay variation:

$\displaystyle M(n) = M_0 \cdot \left[1 + A\sin(2\pi f n T)\right]
$

where $ f$ is the ``speed'' (or ``rate'') of the flanger in cycles per second, $ A$ is the ``excursion'' or ``sweep'' (maximum delay swing) which is often not brought out as a user-controllable parameter, and $ M_0$ is the average delay length controlling the average notch density (also not normally brought out as a user-controllable parameter).


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``Physical Audio Signal Processing'', by Julius O. Smith III, W3K Publishing, 2010, ISBN 978-0-9745607-2-4.
Copyright © 2014-03-23 by Julius O. Smith III
Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics (CCRMA),   Stanford University
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