Home   Information   Classes   Download   Usage   Mail List   Requirements   Links   FAQ   Tutorial


Public Member Functions | List of all members
stk::TubeBell Class Reference

STK tubular bell (orchestral chime) FM synthesis instrument. More...

#include <TubeBell.h>

Inheritance diagram for stk::TubeBell:
stk::FM stk::Instrmnt stk::Stk

Public Member Functions

 TubeBell (void)
 Class constructor. More...
 
 ~TubeBell (void)
 Class destructor.
 
void noteOn (StkFloat frequency, StkFloat amplitude)
 Start a note with the given frequency and amplitude.
 
StkFloat tick (unsigned int channel=0)
 Compute and return one output sample.
 
StkFramestick (StkFrames &frames, unsigned int channel=0)
 Fill a channel of the StkFrames object with computed outputs. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from stk::FM
 FM (unsigned int operators=4)
 Class constructor, taking the number of wave/envelope operators to control. More...
 
virtual ~FM (void)
 Class destructor.
 
void loadWaves (const char **filenames)
 Load the rawwave filenames in waves.
 
virtual void setFrequency (StkFloat frequency)
 Set instrument parameters for a particular frequency.
 
void setRatio (unsigned int waveIndex, StkFloat ratio)
 Set the frequency ratio for the specified wave.
 
void setGain (unsigned int waveIndex, StkFloat gain)
 Set the gain for the specified wave.
 
void setModulationSpeed (StkFloat mSpeed)
 Set the modulation speed in Hz.
 
void setModulationDepth (StkFloat mDepth)
 Set the modulation depth.
 
void setControl1 (StkFloat cVal)
 Set the value of control1.
 
void setControl2 (StkFloat cVal)
 Set the value of control1.
 
void keyOn (void)
 Start envelopes toward "on" targets.
 
void keyOff (void)
 Start envelopes toward "off" targets.
 
void noteOff (StkFloat amplitude)
 Stop a note with the given amplitude (speed of decay).
 
virtual void controlChange (int number, StkFloat value)
 Perform the control change specified by number and value (0.0 - 128.0).
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from stk::Instrmnt
 Instrmnt (void)
 Class constructor.
 
virtual void clear (void)
 Reset and clear all internal state (for subclasses). More...
 
unsigned int channelsOut (void) const
 Return the number of output channels for the class.
 
const StkFrameslastFrame (void) const
 Return an StkFrames reference to the last output sample frame.
 
StkFloat lastOut (unsigned int channel=0)
 Return the specified channel value of the last computed frame. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from stk::Stk
void ignoreSampleRateChange (bool ignore=true)
 A function to enable/disable the automatic updating of class data when the STK sample rate changes. More...
 

Additional Inherited Members

- Static Public Member Functions inherited from stk::Stk
static StkFloat sampleRate (void)
 Static method that returns the current STK sample rate.
 
static void setSampleRate (StkFloat rate)
 Static method that sets the STK sample rate. More...
 
static std::string rawwavePath (void)
 Static method that returns the current rawwave path.
 
static void setRawwavePath (std::string path)
 Static method that sets the STK rawwave path.
 
static void swap16 (unsigned char *ptr)
 Static method that byte-swaps a 16-bit data type.
 
static void swap32 (unsigned char *ptr)
 Static method that byte-swaps a 32-bit data type.
 
static void swap64 (unsigned char *ptr)
 Static method that byte-swaps a 64-bit data type.
 
static void sleep (unsigned long milliseconds)
 Static cross-platform method to sleep for a number of milliseconds.
 
static bool inRange (StkFloat value, StkFloat min, StkFloat max)
 Static method to check whether a value is within a specified range.
 
static void handleError (const char *message, StkError::Type type)
 Static function for error reporting and handling using c-strings.
 
static void handleError (std::string message, StkError::Type type)
 Static function for error reporting and handling using c++ strings.
 
static void showWarnings (bool status)
 Toggle display of WARNING and STATUS messages.
 
static void printErrors (bool status)
 Toggle display of error messages before throwing exceptions.
 
- Static Public Attributes inherited from stk::Stk
static const StkFormat STK_SINT8
 
static const StkFormat STK_SINT16
 
static const StkFormat STK_SINT24
 
static const StkFormat STK_SINT32
 
static const StkFormat STK_FLOAT32
 
static const StkFormat STK_FLOAT64
 
- Protected Member Functions inherited from stk::Stk
 Stk (void)
 Default constructor.
 
virtual ~Stk (void)
 Class destructor.
 
virtual void sampleRateChanged (StkFloat newRate, StkFloat oldRate)
 This function should be implemented in subclasses that depend on the sample rate.
 
void addSampleRateAlert (Stk *ptr)
 Add class pointer to list for sample rate change notification.
 
void removeSampleRateAlert (Stk *ptr)
 Remove class pointer from list for sample rate change notification.
 
void handleError (StkError::Type type) const
 Internal function for error reporting that assumes message in oStream_ variable.
 

Detailed Description

STK tubular bell (orchestral chime) FM synthesis instrument.

This class implements two simple FM Pairs summed together, also referred to as algorithm 5 of the TX81Z.

Algorithm 5 is : 4->3--\
+ --> Out
2->1--/

Control Change Numbers:

The basic Chowning/Stanford FM patent expired in 1995, but there exist follow-on patents, mostly assigned to Yamaha. If you are of the type who should worry about this (making money) worry away.

by Perry R. Cook and Gary P. Scavone, 1995–2014.

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

stk::TubeBell::TubeBell ( void  )

Class constructor.

An StkError will be thrown if the rawwave path is incorrectly set.

Member Function Documentation

StkFrames & stk::TubeBell::tick ( StkFrames frames,
unsigned int  channel = 0 
)
inlinevirtual

Fill a channel of the StkFrames object with computed outputs.

The channel argument must be less than the number of channels in the StkFrames argument (the first channel is specified by 0). However, range checking is only performed if STK_DEBUG is defined during compilation, in which case an out-of-range value will trigger an StkError exception.

Implements stk::FM.

97 {
98  unsigned int nChannels = lastFrame_.channels();
99 #if defined(_STK_DEBUG_)
100  if ( channel > frames.channels() - nChannels ) {
101  oStream_ << "TubeBell::tick(): channel and StkFrames arguments are incompatible!";
102  handleError( StkError::FUNCTION_ARGUMENT );
103  }
104 #endif
105 
106  StkFloat *samples = &frames[channel];
107  unsigned int j, hop = frames.channels() - nChannels;
108  if ( nChannels == 1 ) {
109  for ( unsigned int i=0; i<frames.frames(); i++, samples += hop )
110  *samples++ = tick();
111  }
112  else {
113  for ( unsigned int i=0; i<frames.frames(); i++, samples += hop ) {
114  *samples++ = tick();
115  for ( j=1; j<nChannels; j++ )
116  *samples++ = lastFrame_[j];
117  }
118  }
119 
120  return frames;
121 }

The documentation for this class was generated from the following file:

The Synthesis ToolKit in C++ (STK)
©1995--2014 Perry R. Cook and Gary P. Scavone. All Rights Reserved.