The simplest nondegenerate example of the loop filters of §6.8 is the three-tap FIR case ( ). The symmetry constraint leaves two degrees of freedom in the frequency response:10.1
If the dc gain is normalized to unity, then , and there is only one remaining degree of freedom which can be interpreted as a damping control. As damping is increased, the duration of free vibration is reduced at all nonzero frequencies, and the decay of higher frequencies is accelerated relative to lower frequencies, provided
In this coefficient range, the string-loop amplitude response can be described as a ``raised cosine'' having a unit-magnitude peak at dc, and minimum gains at plus and minus half the sampling rate ( ).