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Angular Motion in the Space-Fixed Frame

Let's now consider angular motion in the presence of linear motion of the center of mass. In general, we have [272]

$\displaystyle \underline{L}\eqsp \sum \underline{x}\times \underline{p}
$

where the sum is over all mass particles in the rigid body, and $ \underline{p}$ denotes the vector linear momentum for each particle. That is, the angular momentum is given by the tangential component of the linear momentum times the associated moment arm. Using the chain rule for differentiation, we find

$\displaystyle \underline{\tau}\eqsp \dot{\underline{L}} \eqsp \frac{d}{dt}\sum \underline{x}\times \underline{p}
\eqsp \sum (\dot{\underline{x}}\times \underline{p}+ \underline{x}\times \dot{\underline{p}})
\isdefs \sum (\underline{v}\times\underline{p}+ \underline{x}\times \dot{\underline{p}}).
$

However, $ \underline{v}\times \underline{p}=\underline{v}\times m\underline{v}=\underline{0}$ , so that

$\displaystyle \underline{\tau}\eqsp \dot{\underline{L}} \eqsp \sum \underline{x}\times \dot{\underline{p}}
\eqsp \sum \underline{x}\times \underline{f}
$

which is the sum of moments of all external forces.


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``Physical Audio Signal Processing'', by Julius O. Smith III, W3K Publishing, 2010, ISBN 978-0-9745607-2-4.
Copyright © 2014-03-23 by Julius O. Smith III
Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics (CCRMA),   Stanford University
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