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RtAudio Class Reference

Realtime audio i/o C++ classes. More...

#include <RtAudio.h>

List of all members.

Classes

struct  DeviceInfo
 The public device information structure for returning queried values. More...
struct  StreamOptions
 The structure for specifying stream options. More...
struct  StreamParameters
 The structure for specifying input or ouput stream parameters. More...

Public Types

enum  Api {
  UNSPECIFIED, LINUX_ALSA, LINUX_PULSE, LINUX_OSS,
  UNIX_JACK, MACOSX_CORE, WINDOWS_ASIO, WINDOWS_DS,
  RTAUDIO_DUMMY
}
 

Audio API specifier arguments.

More...

Public Member Functions

 RtAudio (RtAudio::Api api=UNSPECIFIED) throw ()
 The class constructor.
 ~RtAudio () throw ()
 The destructor.
RtAudio::Api getCurrentApi (void) throw ()
 Returns the audio API specifier for the current instance of RtAudio.
unsigned int getDeviceCount (void) throw ()
 A public function that queries for the number of audio devices available.
RtAudio::DeviceInfo getDeviceInfo (unsigned int device)
 Return an RtAudio::DeviceInfo structure for a specified device number.
unsigned int getDefaultOutputDevice (void) throw ()
 A function that returns the index of the default output device.
unsigned int getDefaultInputDevice (void) throw ()
 A function that returns the index of the default input device.
void openStream (RtAudio::StreamParameters *outputParameters, RtAudio::StreamParameters *inputParameters, RtAudioFormat format, unsigned int sampleRate, unsigned int *bufferFrames, RtAudioCallback callback, void *userData=NULL, RtAudio::StreamOptions *options=NULL)
 A public function for opening a stream with the specified parameters.
void closeStream (void) throw ()
 A function that closes a stream and frees any associated stream memory.
void startStream (void)
 A function that starts a stream.
void stopStream (void)
 Stop a stream, allowing any samples remaining in the output queue to be played.
void abortStream (void)
 Stop a stream, discarding any samples remaining in the input/output queue.
bool isStreamOpen (void) const throw ()
 Returns true if a stream is open and false if not.
bool isStreamRunning (void) const throw ()
 Returns true if the stream is running and false if it is stopped or not open.
double getStreamTime (void)
 Returns the number of elapsed seconds since the stream was started.
long getStreamLatency (void)
 Returns the internal stream latency in sample frames.
unsigned int getStreamSampleRate (void)
 Returns actual sample rate in use by the stream.
void showWarnings (bool value=true) throw ()
 Specify whether warning messages should be printed to stderr.

Static Public Member Functions

static void getCompiledApi (std::vector< RtAudio::Api > &apis) throw ()
 A static function to determine the available compiled audio APIs.

Detailed Description

Realtime audio i/o C++ classes.

RtAudio provides a common API (Application Programming Interface) for realtime audio input/output across Linux (native ALSA, Jack, and OSS), Macintosh OS X (CoreAudio and Jack), and Windows (DirectSound and ASIO) operating systems.

RtAudio WWW site: http://www.music.mcgill.ca/~gary/rtaudio/

RtAudio: realtime audio i/o C++ classes Copyright (c) 2001-2012 Gary P. Scavone

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

Any person wishing to distribute modifications to the Software is asked to send the modifications to the original developer so that they can be incorporated into the canonical version. This is, however, not a binding provision of this license.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.


Member Enumeration Documentation

Audio API specifier arguments.

Enumerator:
UNSPECIFIED 

Search for a working compiled API.

LINUX_ALSA 

The Advanced Linux Sound Architecture API.

LINUX_PULSE 

The Linux PulseAudio API.

LINUX_OSS 

The Linux Open Sound System API.

UNIX_JACK 

The Jack Low-Latency Audio Server API.

MACOSX_CORE 

Macintosh OS-X Core Audio API.

WINDOWS_ASIO 

The Steinberg Audio Stream I/O API.

WINDOWS_DS 

The Microsoft Direct Sound API.

RTAUDIO_DUMMY 

A compilable but non-functional API.

00210            {
00211     UNSPECIFIED,    
00212     LINUX_ALSA,     
00213     LINUX_PULSE,    
00214     LINUX_OSS,      
00215     UNIX_JACK,      
00216     MACOSX_CORE,    
00217     WINDOWS_ASIO,   
00218     WINDOWS_DS,     
00219     RTAUDIO_DUMMY   
00220   };


Constructor & Destructor Documentation

RtAudio::RtAudio ( RtAudio::Api  api = UNSPECIFIED  )  throw ()

The class constructor.

The constructor performs minor initialization tasks. No exceptions can be thrown.

If no API argument is specified and multiple API support has been compiled, the default order of use is JACK, ALSA, OSS (Linux systems) and ASIO, DS (Windows systems).

RtAudio::~RtAudio (  )  throw ()

The destructor.

If a stream is running or open, it will be stopped and closed automatically.


Member Function Documentation

static void RtAudio::getCompiledApi ( std::vector< RtAudio::Api > &  apis  )  throw () [static]

A static function to determine the available compiled audio APIs.

The values returned in the std::vector can be compared against the enumerated list values. Note that there can be more than one API compiled for certain operating systems.

unsigned int RtAudio::getDeviceCount ( void   )  throw () [inline]

A public function that queries for the number of audio devices available.

This function performs a system query of available devices each time it is called, thus supporting devices connected after instantiation. If a system error occurs during processing, a warning will be issued.

00718 { return rtapi_->getDeviceCount(); }

RtAudio::DeviceInfo RtAudio::getDeviceInfo ( unsigned int  device  )  [inline]

Return an RtAudio::DeviceInfo structure for a specified device number.

Any device integer between 0 and getDeviceCount() - 1 is valid. If an invalid argument is provided, an RtError (type = INVALID_USE) will be thrown. If a device is busy or otherwise unavailable, the structure member "probed" will have a value of "false" and all other members are undefined. If the specified device is the current default input or output device, the corresponding "isDefault" member will have a value of "true".

00719 { return rtapi_->getDeviceInfo( device ); }

unsigned int RtAudio::getDefaultOutputDevice ( void   )  throw () [inline]

A function that returns the index of the default output device.

If the underlying audio API does not provide a "default device", or if no devices are available, the return value will be 0. Note that this is a valid device identifier and it is the client's responsibility to verify that a device is available before attempting to open a stream.

00721 { return rtapi_->getDefaultOutputDevice(); }

unsigned int RtAudio::getDefaultInputDevice ( void   )  throw () [inline]

A function that returns the index of the default input device.

If the underlying audio API does not provide a "default device", or if no devices are available, the return value will be 0. Note that this is a valid device identifier and it is the client's responsibility to verify that a device is available before attempting to open a stream.

00720 { return rtapi_->getDefaultInputDevice(); }

void RtAudio::openStream ( RtAudio::StreamParameters outputParameters,
RtAudio::StreamParameters inputParameters,
RtAudioFormat  format,
unsigned int  sampleRate,
unsigned int *  bufferFrames,
RtAudioCallback  callback,
void *  userData = NULL,
RtAudio::StreamOptions options = NULL 
)

A public function for opening a stream with the specified parameters.

An RtError (type = SYSTEM_ERROR) is thrown if a stream cannot be opened with the specified parameters or an error occurs during processing. An RtError (type = INVALID_USE) is thrown if any invalid device ID or channel number parameters are specified.

Parameters:
outputParameters Specifies output stream parameters to use when opening a stream, including a device ID, number of channels, and starting channel number. For input-only streams, this argument should be NULL. The device ID is an index value between 0 and getDeviceCount() - 1.
inputParameters Specifies input stream parameters to use when opening a stream, including a device ID, number of channels, and starting channel number. For output-only streams, this argument should be NULL. The device ID is an index value between 0 and getDeviceCount() - 1.
format An RtAudioFormat specifying the desired sample data format.
sampleRate The desired sample rate (sample frames per second).
*bufferFrames A pointer to a value indicating the desired internal buffer size in sample frames. The actual value used by the device is returned via the same pointer. A value of zero can be specified, in which case the lowest allowable value is determined.
callback A client-defined function that will be invoked when input data is available and/or output data is needed.
userData An optional pointer to data that can be accessed from within the callback function.
options An optional pointer to a structure containing various global stream options, including a list of OR'ed RtAudioStreamFlags and a suggested number of stream buffers that can be used to control stream latency. More buffers typically result in more robust performance, though at a cost of greater latency. If a value of zero is specified, a system-specific median value is chosen. If the RTAUDIO_MINIMIZE_LATENCY flag bit is set, the lowest allowable value is used. The actual value used is returned via the structure argument. The parameter is API dependent.
void RtAudio::closeStream ( void   )  throw () [inline]

A function that closes a stream and frees any associated stream memory.

If a stream is not open, this function issues a warning and returns (no exception is thrown).

00722 { return rtapi_->closeStream(); }

void RtAudio::startStream ( void   )  [inline]

A function that starts a stream.

An RtError (type = SYSTEM_ERROR) is thrown if an error occurs during processing. An RtError (type = INVALID_USE) is thrown if a stream is not open. A warning is issued if the stream is already running.

00723 { return rtapi_->startStream(); }

void RtAudio::stopStream ( void   )  [inline]

Stop a stream, allowing any samples remaining in the output queue to be played.

An RtError (type = SYSTEM_ERROR) is thrown if an error occurs during processing. An RtError (type = INVALID_USE) is thrown if a stream is not open. A warning is issued if the stream is already stopped.

00724 { return rtapi_->stopStream(); }

void RtAudio::abortStream ( void   )  [inline]

Stop a stream, discarding any samples remaining in the input/output queue.

An RtError (type = SYSTEM_ERROR) is thrown if an error occurs during processing. An RtError (type = INVALID_USE) is thrown if a stream is not open. A warning is issued if the stream is already stopped.

00725 { return rtapi_->abortStream(); }

double RtAudio::getStreamTime ( void   )  [inline]

Returns the number of elapsed seconds since the stream was started.

If a stream is not open, an RtError (type = INVALID_USE) will be thrown.

00730 { return rtapi_->getStreamTime(); }

long RtAudio::getStreamLatency ( void   )  [inline]

Returns the internal stream latency in sample frames.

The stream latency refers to delay in audio input and/or output caused by internal buffering by the audio system and/or hardware. For duplex streams, the returned value will represent the sum of the input and output latencies. If a stream is not open, an RtError (type = INVALID_USE) will be thrown. If the API does not report latency, the return value will be zero.

00728 { return rtapi_->getStreamLatency(); }

unsigned int RtAudio::getStreamSampleRate ( void   )  [inline]

Returns actual sample rate in use by the stream.

On some systems, the sample rate used may be slightly different than that specified in the stream parameters. If a stream is not open, an RtError (type = INVALID_USE) will be thrown.

00729 { return rtapi_->getStreamSampleRate(); };


The documentation for this class was generated from the following file:

The Synthesis ToolKit in C++ (STK)
©1995-2012 Perry R. Cook and Gary P. Scavone. All Rights Reserved.