While the filter bank of Fig.10.34 gives good stop-band rejection, there is still a significant amount of aliasing when the bands are critically sampled. This happens because the transition bands are aliased about their midpoints. This can be seen in Fig.10.34 by noting that aliasing ``folding frequencies'' lie at the crossover point between each pair of bands. An overlay of the spectra of the downsampled filter-bank outputs, for an impulse input, is shown in Fig.10.35.
Figure 10.36 shows the aliased spectral signal bands (prior to inverse STFT) for a step input (same filter bank). (This type of plot looks ideal for an impulse input signal because the spectrum is constant, so the aliased bands are also constant.) Note the large slice of dc energy that has aliased from near the sampling rate to near half the sampling rate in the top octave band. The signal and error spectra are shown overlaid in Fig.10.37. In this case, the aliasing causes significant error in the reconstruction.