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The Bark Frequency Scale

The Bark scale ranges from 1 to 24 Barks, corresponding to the first 24 critical bands of hearing [39]. The published Bark band edges are given in Hertz as [0, 100, 200, 300, 400, 510, 630, 770, 920, 1080, 1270, 1480, 1720, 2000, 2320, 2700, 3150, 3700, 4400, 5300, 6400, 7700, 9500, 12000, 15500]. The published band centers in Hertz are [50, 150, 250, 350, 450, 570, 700, 840, 1000, 1170, 1370, 1600, 1850, 2150, 2500, 2900, 3400, 4000, 4800, 5800, 7000, 8500, 10500, 13500]. These center-frequencies and bandwidths are to be interpreted as samplings of a continuous variation in the frequency response of the ear to a sinusoid or narrowband noise process. That is, critical-band-shaped masking patterns should be seen as forming around specific stimuli in the ear rather than being associated with a specific fixed filter bank in the ear.

Note that since the Bark scale is defined only up to 15.5 kHz, the highest sampling rate for which the Bark scale is defined up to the Nyquist limit, without requiring extrapolation, is 31 kHz. The 25th Bark band certainly extends above 19 kHz (the sum of the 24th Bark band edge and the 23rd critical bandwidth), so that a sampling rate of 40 kHz is implicitly supported by the data. We have extrapolated the Bark band-edges in our work, appending the values [20500, 27000] so that sampling rates up to 54 kHz are defined. While human hearing generally does not extend above 20 kHz, audio sampling rates as high as 48 kHz or higher are common in practice.

The Bark scale is defined above in terms of frequency in Hz versus Bark number. For computing optimal allpass transformations, it is preferable to optimize the allpass fit to the inverse of this map, i.e., Barks versus Hz, so that the mapping error will be measured in Barks rather than Hz.


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Download bbt.pdf

``The Bark and ERB Bilinear Transforms'', by Julius O. Smith III and Jonathan S. Abel, preprint of version accepted for publication in the IEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio Processing, December, 1999.
Copyright © 2007-05-10 by Julius O. Smith III and Jonathan S. Abel
Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics (CCRMA),   Stanford University
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