From CCRMA Wiki
- hi! please gather links to resources below
- Helpful Websites
- CNN: http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2008/news/autism/ special on Autism all day Wednesday, April 2, in honor of World Autism Day. Site contains links to articles.
- Music Therapy & Language for Autistic Child: http://www.autism.org/music.html
- Social Interaction- "Musical games like passing a ball back and forth to music or playing sticks and cymbals with another person might be used to foster this interaction. Eye contact might be encouraged with imitative clapping games near the eyes or with activities which focus attention on an instrument played near the face. Preferred music may be used contingently for a wide variety of cooperative social behaviors like sitting in a chair or staying with a group of other children in a circle."
- Speech Development- "Higher level autistic speech may involve echolalia, delayed echolalia or pronominal reversal, while some children may progress to appropriate phrases, sentences, and longer sentences with non expressive or monotonic speech."
- anecdote 1: using a xylophone for vocal play and verbalizations
- anecdote 2: teaching nouns and action verbs
- methods: visually fading out key words gradually over time, incorporating multiple perceptual cues (visual, tactile, etc), using familiar tunes to teach inflections, stress, rhythm, flow through singing
- Autism & Music references compiled by Coast Music Therapy: http://www.coastmusictherapy.com/articles/diagnosisautism.html (I didn't get to go through, but this website lists many potentially useful resources at the intersection of autism and music therapy)
- Music Therapy Association of British Columbia, article on Autism: http://www.mtabc.com/examples/autism.htm
- good to keep in mind possible negative effects of music: "music can itself become an obsession which reinforces withdrawal and self isolation. Music can sometimes hypnotize autistic individuals into lethargy and turn them inward, making them oblivious to their environment."
- offers examples of how music can be used to (1) Interrupt patterns of isolation and social withdrawal and enhance socio-emotional development, (2) Facilitate communication, both verbal and nonverbal, and (3) Facilitate creative self-expression and promote emotional satisfaction
- note that most of the sources cited in this website are quite dated (1970s-80s).....
- Music for Autism: http://www.musicforautism.org/index.html (a UK organization, concert/ performance based)
- "Autism, New Music Technologies, and Cognition", Master's Thesis by Adam Boulanger: http://www.media.mit.edu/hyperins/Boulanger_06.pdf (I need to skim through this article! Looks very relevant!!)