Computer Music

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Computer music is music created by or with the aid of a computer.

History of Computer Music

  • 1956: Illiad Suite, arguably the first computer-aided musical composition, by Lejaren A. Hiller and Leonard M. Isaacson, then of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, premiers.
  • 1957: Max Mathews (then of Bell Labs) writes MUSIC, a program for creating sound (including musical sound) with a computer.
  • 1958: The Experimental Music Studios of UIUC are founded by Lejaren A. Hiller.
  • 1958: The Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center is founded by Vladimir Ussachevsky (1911-1990) and Otto Luening (1900-1996) with a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation.
  • 1964: Jean-Claude Risset arrives at Bell Labs and creates world's first computer-generated trumpet sound.
  • 1972: UCSD Center for Music Experiment is founded, with Roger Reynolds as founding director.
  • 1975: CCRMA (Stanford University) is founded by John Chowning and Leland Smith.
  • 1977: IRCAM (Paris) opens, with Pierre Boulez at the helm, and Luciano Berio, Vinko Globokar, Jean-Claude Risset, and Max Mathews included as administrators.
  • 1979: F. Richard Moore joins Music Faculty of UCSD, founding the Computer Audio Research Laboratory (CARL).
  • 1980s: Columbia and Princeton dissociate regarding the Electronic Music Center.
  • 1984: MIT Media Lab is founded by Nicholas Negroponte and former MIT President Jerome Wiesner. Barry Vercoe and Tod Machover are founding members.
  • 1984: The Society for Electro-Acoustic Music in the United States (SEAMUS) is founded.
  • 1987: CNMAT (Berkeley, CA) is founded by Richard Felciano.