Equations (1-3) can be modified to compute the response of a finite filter simply by changing to some value different from unity. From Eq.(1), will be raised to the th power, and will be
Equations (2-3) are unchanged except that the
coefficients and become
Equations (7-10) are valid for less than . For between and , the generated frequency will be reflected about .
Negative values of will generate exponentially increasing sinusoids which can be musically useful.