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Polynomial Division in Matlab

The matlab function deconv (deconvolution) can be used to perform polynomial long division in order to split an improper transfer function into its FIR and strictly proper parts:

B = [ 2 6 6 2]; % 2*(1+1/z)^3
A = [ 1 -2 1];  % (1-1/z)^2
[firpart,remainder] = deconv(B,A)
% firpart =
%   2  10
% remainder =
%    0    0   24   -8
Thus, this example finds that $ H(z)$ is as written in Eq.(6.21). This result can be checked by obtaining a common denominator in order to recalculate the direct-form numerator:
Bh = remainder + conv(firpart,A)
%  = 2 6 6 2

The operation deconv(B,A) can be implemented using filter in a manner analogous to the polynomial multiplication case (see §6.8.8 above):

firpart = filter(B,A,[1,zeros(1,length(B)-length(A))])
%       = 2 10
remainder = B - conv(firpart,A)
%         =  0 0 24 -8
That this must work can be seen by looking at Eq.(6.21) and noting that the impulse-response of the remainder (the strictly proper part) does not begin until time $ n=2$ , so that the first two samples of the impulse-response come only from the FIR part.

In summary, we may conveniently use convolution and deconvolution to perform polynomial multiplication and division, respectively, such as when converting transfer functions to various alternate forms.

When carrying out a partial fraction expansion on a transfer function having a numerator order which equals or exceeds the denominator order, a necessary preliminary step is to perform long division to obtain an FIR filter in parallel with a strictly proper transfer function. This section describes how an FIR part of any length can be extracted from an IIR filter, and this can be used for PFEs as well as for more advanced applications [].

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``Introduction to Digital Filters with Audio Applications'', by Julius O. Smith III, (September 2007 Edition)
Copyright © 2024-05-20 by Julius O. Smith III
Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics (CCRMA),   Stanford University