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Circulant and Elliptic Feedback Delay Networks for Artificial Reverberation

Davide Rocchesso, Julius O. Smith1

Abstract:

The feedback delay network (FDN) has been proposed for digital reverberation. Also proposed with similar advantages is the digital waveguide network (DWN). This paper notes that the commonly used FDN with an $N\times N$ orthogonal feedback matrix is isomorphic to a normalized digital waveguide network consisting of one scattering junction and a vector transformer joining $N$ reflectively terminated branches. Generalizations of FDNs and DWNs are discussed. The general case of a losslessness FDN feedback matrix is shown to be any matrix having unit-modulus eigenvalues and linearly independent eigenvectors. A special class of FDNs using circulant matrices is proposed. These structures can be efficiently implemented and allow control of the time and frequency behavior. Applications of circulant feedback delay networks in audio signal processing are discussed.

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``Circulant and Elliptic Feedback Delay Networks for Artificial Reverberation'', by Davide Rocchesso and Julius O. Smith III, preprint of version in IEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 51-60, Jan. 1996.

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Copyright © 2005-03-10 by Davide Rocchesso and Julius O. Smith III
Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics (CCRMA),   Stanford University
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