Tangible Embedded Linux

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This workshop consists of a condensed version of the material from labs 1 and 2 for the course Music 250A at Stanford University. For this workshop you need your Satellite CCRMA kit, a laptop computer with Ethernet adaptor to program it, and some headphones with a mini 1/8" (2.54mm) stereo jack.

You are also invited to bring the following optional items, but they are by no means required:

  • Some of your favorite breadboardable sensors and LEDs.
  • A set of small, battery powered speakers with 1/8" (2.54mm) jack.
  • A pico projector with cable to HDMI connector.

Prior to coming to the workshop, you may wish to read more about Satellite CCRMA, Pure Data, Raspberry Pi, or the Arduino Nano.


  • Participants explain their backgrounds and what they would like to get out of the studio.
  • Show some videos of prior projects
  • Construct Satellite CCRMA kits

Powering Up For The First Time

Plug the Ethernet port of the Satellite CCRMA into your laptop. Then use the USB micro cable to connect your laptop to the Raspberry Pi--this provides the power. You should see some lights turn on, flickering every now and then. This means that Satellite CCRMA is booting up.

Connect To Satellite CCRMA

In order to see what your Satellite CCRMA kit is doing and program it, you need to log in to it. To do so, follow these instructions.

After you login, you will see the prompt ccrma@satellite:~$ This means that you are logged into a computer named "satellite" as the user "ccrma", and you are currently in the directory ~, which is the shortcut for your home directory.

Stop Default Patch and Run Pd

  • In order to be able to hear audio, you will need to plug a pair of ear buds, headphones, or loudspeakers into the 1/8" (2.54mm) jack labeled AUDIO OUT on the Raspberry Pi. Be careful when plugging the headphones in and not to pull too hard on the headphone cable!
  • A default pd patch starts running automatically when your kit finishes booting up. To stop the default patch, run the command


  • Start pd now with the following command. The ampersand (&) is there to indicate that even though you are opening a new window, you should still be able to keep typing at the old terminal.

pd &

  • To start audio, click on the Compute audio checkbox.
  • Now to test audio, go to the media pull-down menu and choose Test Audio and MIDI. If you still do not here any sound, then probably you missed one of the steps so far. If you look at the messages in the main pd window, you might find a clue.
  • Once you have audio working, close the window test audio and MIDI window.

Learn More About Pd

If you get stuck at some point while learning about pd, remember that you can right-click on an object to get help information about the object.

  • The patch ~/pd/examples/just-play-WAV-files/play-WAV-file.pd shows the easiest way to play a WAV file.
  • Look at the pd lecture patches stored in ~/pd/pd-lecture

Prepare Arduino

  • The next step is to install some default firmware onto the Arduino so that it knows what we want it to do. Start the Arduino software in the terminal by typing

arduino &

  • Open StandardFirmata from the Arduino software pull-down menus File|Examples|Firmata. Look at the program. This is what will control the Arduino.
  • Select Arduino Nano w/ ATMega328 under Tools->Board and /dev/ttyUSB0 under Tools->Serial Port. Then hit the Play button to verify and compile the program.
  • Upload the Firmata firmware to your Arduino Nano using upload button, the fourth square button from the left (the one with the sideways arrow). If you watch the RX and TX lights on the Arduino carefully, you will "see" the data flow over the serial USB link into the Arduino as the firmware is uploaded.
  • Close the Arduino program by closing all of the Arduino windows. (This is important!)

Routing Power On The Breadboard

  • Remind yourself about how the sockets on the breadboard are wired together:


  • Now you are going to start putting jumper wires into your breadboard. Try to be careful to build the circuit correctly. (If you create a short circuit (one kind of wiring mistake), then the lights will instantly all go off on the Arduino. If this happens, please try to undo the short circuit right away.)
  • Now connect jumper wires as shown in the image below so that the upper and lower long columns can serve as a power supply for your future circuits.
  • Connect a short jumper from the GND pin of the Arduino to the blue column.
  • Connect a short jumper from the 5V pin of the Arduino to the red column.
  • Finally, use two longer jumpers to connect together the blue columns and the red columns as shown below:


  • Check your wires again to make sure that you did it correctly!

Connect Your Analog Sensor To Pin A0

Each participant should have one analog sensor in his or her kit. Optionally go to one of the following links to learn more about electronics or