Macbook pro triple-boot

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  Password:
  Password:
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* resize and create partitions in Disk Utility this time in OS X:
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* resize and create partitions in Apple's GUI Disk Utility this time in OS X (NOTE: that in earlier installation attempts, I used command-line "distutil resizeVolume" which worked as well):
  robs-macbook-pro:~ rob$ diskutil list
  robs-macbook-pro:~ rob$ diskutil list

Revision as of 10:08, 13 March 2008

Tutorial/Walk-through: Triple-Boot Mac OS X - Windows XP - Fedora Core 8 Linux => Macbook Pro rev E

Contents

Overview

This page documents my process for configuring a triple-boot Macbook Pro with OS X 10.5.2, MS Windows XP SP2/Media Center, and Fedora Core 8/PlanetCCRMA. I carried out this procedure March 10-11 2008 successfully, relying on information from a number of older triple-boot web-links that I found via Google (see Links below). This installation was done on a factory-fresh new Rev. E model purchased on February 26, 2008 with the following specs:

  • Intel Core 2 Duo at 2.6 GHz
  • 4GB RAM
  • 200GB 7200RPM HDD
  • 800MHz FSB, 6 MB shared L2 cache
  • NVIDIA GeForce 8600M GT with 512 MB GDDR3 memory
  • 8x Double-layer SuperDrive
  • LED Backlit 15.4" - 1440x900 resolution (16:10 aspect ratio)
  • Matte display
  • new Multitouch trackpad
  • Airport Extreme (802.11n) and Bluetooth

The entire process went fairly well... as the machine was new and not currently my primary work machine, I had the flexibility to know that if I wiped the HDD, I could always just reinstall Mac OS X, which was necessary due to one ill-fated choice (see below). The process that eventually worked seems fairly straight forwards in retrospect, though without stumbling through the earlier mistakes, it most likely wouldn't seem that way now.

First I'll describe the process that worked and then will describe what didn't:

Successfull Procedure: Second attempt (3/12/2008)

  • wipe drive: Completely wipe data and restart with 1 full partition (same as default Apple setup)
  • install OS X
  • Download and install rEFIf
  • bless rEFIt - (NOTE: after certain steps below, it was necessary (as the boot-loader didn't appear on restart) to re-bless rEFIt by re-running the shell script)
robert-hamiltons-macbook-pro:refit rob$ ./enable.sh
+ sudo bless --folder /efi/refit --file /efi/refit/refit.efi --labelfile /efi/refit/refit.vollabel
Password:
  • resize and create partitions in Apple's GUI Disk Utility this time in OS X (NOTE: that in earlier installation attempts, I used command-line "distutil resizeVolume" which worked as well):
robs-macbook-pro:~ rob$ diskutil list
/dev/disk0
  #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
  0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *186.3 Gi   disk0
  1:                        EFI                         200.0 Mi   disk0s1
  2:                  Apple_HFS Macintosh HD            145.3 Gi   disk0s2
  3:                  Apple_HFS Linux                   19.7 Gi    disk0s3
  4:                  Apple_HFS Windows                 20.6 Gi    disk0s4
robs-macbook-pro:~ rob$ diskutil resizeVolume disk0s4 20.6G "MS-DOS FAT32"
  • try fixmbr from windows recovery prompt - didn't work
  • ah! this worked now (see previous attempt), but only because either I switched my shell in OS X to tcsh, or because I ran as root (didn't confirm which made it work)
One solution is to nuke the first bit of the windows partition with zeros, destroying the filesystem metadata. 
This causes the Windows installer to see the partition as type "unknown", and it will then dutifuly offer to reformat 
it for you. This can be accomplished with the following, where rdisk0s3 is your windows partition (typically this would 
be either rdisk0s3 or rdisk0s4)
dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/rdisk0s4 bs=1m count=100
  • now installing win xp
  • reboot and hold down alt/option
  • configure windows
  • crazy flashing "Installing applications..." window: "Please wait up to 30 minutes for the installation to complete... Do not press any keys during installation" C:\WINDOWS\system32\cscript.exe
  • reboot into windows
  • current issue... how to install mac drivers... how do you get them from Bootcamp? ne marche pas? how to make driver disk from bootcamp? no options to do so
  • ah, boot into windows, install disk 1 from Apple OS X installation discs... prompts you to install Apple Software Update for Windows
  • SUCCESS! Windows is... installed (success?) lol
  • Note: Apple drivers seem to work extremely well. More later.

Fedora 8 Install

installed Fedora 8 on sda3 formatted as ext3

  • when prompted "on which drive will you install..." etc. choose "Create Custom Layout"
  • select 2nd partition, currently formatted HFS+ (1st main partition is HFS+ for OS X, last partition is FAT32 for Windows XP)
  • edit this partition to use ext3 formatting and to boot from "/"
  • NOTE: no swap partition or boot partition are configured here. With 4GB RAM, no swap should be necessary (also, other sources state there is a 4 partition limit which MBR can deal with... not willing to test this out right now, maybe later? Hopefully I'll setup a swap file instead, more on that when I do it.

seems to work. damn.

yum update
  • Next step is to install planet CCRMA

Thoughts for the future...

Windows Vista 64-bit version can use EFI, which could make the whole partitioning scheme easier?

giving up on Vista 64-bit now, damn non-free Vista... XP/MBR it is


First Try (fail)

  • start with new factory-fresh Macbook Pro (15", 2.6ghz, 200GB 7200rpm HDD, 4GB RAM, NVIDIA GeForce 8600M GT/512MB, OS X 10.5.2)
  • made bootable rEFIt 0.11 disk
  • Install Boot-camp; Run the Boot Camp Assistant and create the Windows XP driver cd.
* Go into Applications/Utilities
* Open Boot Camp Assistant. Print out the Instructions.
* Partition the drive by using the graphical slider in the Assistant and Accept the changes. Insert the XP disk. Let it reboot your system. It will load up into the XP installer. Install XP. After it is all installed and setup and you are in Windows, put in your Leopard disk and the drivers will install for all the devices( mouse, mic, iSight, video, etc). You are done.

BootCampInstallationSetupGuide.pdf

  • "diskutil list"
robert-hamiltons-macbook-pro:Desktop rob$ diskutil list
/dev/disk0
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *186.3 Gi   disk0
   1:                        EFI                         200.0 Mi   disk0s1
   2:                  Apple_HFS Macintosh HD            186.0 Gi   disk0s2
186.3 (total) = disk0s2 146G "MS-DOS FAT32" "Linux" 20G "MS-DOS FAT32" "Windows" 20G
sudo diskutil resizeVolume disk0s2 146.3G "Linux" "Linux" 20G "MS-DOS FAT32" "Windows" 20G
  • enable root user now using "Directory Utility" ("Edit" menu > "Enable Root User...") in Applications/Utilities
  • NOTE: some guides here say type "Linux" "Linux"... but I get error saying "Linux does not appear to be a valid file system fomat. Valid filesystems: "Journaled HFS+" "HFS+" "Case-sensitive HFS+" "Case-sensitive Journaled HFS+" "HFS" "MS-DOS FAT16" "MS-DOS FAT32" "MS-DOS FAT12" "MS-DOS" "UDF" "UFS" "ZFS"
sh-3.2# sudo diskutil resizeVolume disk0s2 146G "MS-DOS FAT32" "Linux" 20G "MS-DOS FAT32" "Windows" 20G
Started resizing on disk disk0s2 Macintosh HD
Verifying 
Resizing Volume 
Adjusting Partitions
Formatting new partitions
Formatting disk0s4 as MS-DOS (FAT32) with name Windows
Formatting disk0s3 as MS-DOS (FAT32) with name Linux
[ + 0%..10%..20%..30%..40%..50%..60%..70%..80%..90%..100% ] 
Finished resizing on disk disk0
/dev/disk0
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *186.3 Gi   disk0
   1:                        EFI                         200.0 Mi   disk0s1
   2:                  Apple_HFS Macintosh HD            145.9 Gi   disk0s2
   3:       Microsoft Basic Data LINUX                   20.0 Gi    disk0s3
   4:       Microsoft Basic Data WINDOWS                 20.1 Gi    disk0s4


  • rebooted
robert-hamiltons-macbook-pro:~ rob$ diskutil list
/dev/disk0
  #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
  0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *186.3 Gi   disk0
  1:                        EFI                         200.0 Mi   disk0s1
  2:                  Apple_HFS Macintosh HD            145.9 Gi   disk0s2
  3:       Microsoft Basic Data LINUX                   20.0 Gi    disk0s3
  4:       Microsoft Basic Data WINDOWS                 20.1 Gi    disk0s4


  • Windows XP install begins
  • "To set up Windows XP now, press ENTER"
190780 MB Disk 0 at Id 0 on bus 0 on atapi [MBR]
    F: Partition1 [Unknown]                200 MB  <     200 MB free>
    G: Partition2 [Unknown]             149376 MB  <    149376 MB free>
       Unpartitioned space                 128 MB
    C: Partition3 <LINUX>  [FAT32]       20480 MB  < 20469 MB free>
    D: Partition4 <WINDOWS> [FAT32]      20598 MB  < 20587 MB free>
  • here I chose "D:" for my windows Install... but then ran into problems... probably my first of many mistakes... Windows seems to be having problems... drink a scotch and see if it works better...
  • enabled rEFIt... installed by double-click... then "cd /efi/refit"... "./enable.sh"
robert-hamiltons-macbook-pro:refit rob$ ./enable.sh
+ sudo bless --folder /efi/refit --file /efi/refit/refit.efi --labelfile /efi/refit/refit.vollabel
Password:


  • poked around online and read a bit
  • booted back into OS X and used Disk Utility to wipe the Windows partition... lets try again...
  • re-installing Win XP... this time will try C: drive... strange because I read it has to be last partition and I thought the D: was last... maybe my windows will be named Linux and my Linux will be named Windows
While attempting to manually partition my disk for tripple boot (J-HFS+, J-HFS+, FAT-32), I ran into a situation where the windows installer would see the target partition as type "FAT-32" instead of "unknown", and so would not offer to reformat it prior to installation. Consequently, the windows partition was not bootable, and I received "Disk error" any time I tried to boot from it.
One solution is to nuke the first bit of the windows partition with zeros, destroying the filesystem metadata. This causes the Windows installer to see the partition as type "unknown", and it will then dutifuly offer to reformat it for you. This can be accomplished with the following, where rdisk0s3 is your windows partition (typically this would be either rdisk0s3 or rdisk0s4)
dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/rdisk0s4 bs=1m count=100
Another solution that worked for me is to specify an invalid filesystem type for the windows partition when using diskutil resizeVolume. This allocates the space, but the MBR doesn't flag it as FAT-32, so the Windows installer again offers to reformat it at install time. 
  • ok, so resized Linux and Windows partitions to Mac OS Extended (Journaled) using Disk Utility in OS X
robert-hamiltons-macbook-pro:~ rob$ diskutil list
/dev/disk0
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *186.3 Gi   disk0
   1:                        EFI                         200.0 Mi   disk0s1
   2:                  Apple_HFS Macintosh HD            145.9 Gi   disk0s2
   3:                  Apple_HFS LINUX                   19.9 Gi    disk0s3
   4:                  Apple_HFS WINDOWS                 20.0 Gi    disk0s4
  • try back on D: drive again... now Windows should
  • ah, but don't want that, just want to use "diskutil resizeVolume"... so maybe this won't work quite yet...
  • back to this format:
robert-hamiltons-macbook-pro:~ rob$ diskutil list
/dev/disk0
  #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
  0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *186.3 Gi   disk0
  1:                        EFI                         200.0 Mi   disk0s1
  2:                  Apple_HFS Macintosh HD            145.9 Gi   disk0s2
  3:                  Apple_HFS LINUX                   19.9 Gi    disk0s3
  4:       Microsoft Basic Data WINDOWS                 20.0 Gi    disk0s4


Disk Utility Tool 
Usage:  diskutil resizeVolume MountPoint|DiskIdentifier|DeviceNode size
       [part1Format part1Name part1Size part2Format part2Name part2Size
        part3Format part3Name part3Size ...]
Non-destructively resize a disk.  You may increase or decrease its size.
When decreasing size, you may optionally specify new partitions to create
to fill the newly-freed space.  Specify these new partitions as in the
diskutil partitionDisk command.  Ownership of the affected disk is required.
Valid sizes are a floating-point number with a suffix of B(ytes), S(512-byte-
blocks), K(ilobytes), M(egabytes), G(igabytes), T(erabytes), P(etabytes), or
%(percentage of the total size of the whole disk containing the volume).
Example: 10G (10 gigabytes), 4.23T (4.23 terabytes), 5M (5 megabytes).
resizeVolume is only supported on a Journaled HFS+ filesystem.
A size of "limits" will print the valid range for the current filesystem.
Examples: diskutil resizeVolume disk1s3 limits
         diskutil resizeVolume disk1s3 60G
         diskutil resizeVolume disk1s3 60G JHFS+ HDX1 1G MS-DOS HDX2 1G
Valid filesystems: "Journaled HFS+" "HFS+" "Case-sensitive HFS+" "Case-sensitive Journaled HFS+" "HFS" "MS-DOS FAT16" "MS-DOS FAT32" "MS-DOS FAT12" "MS-DOS" "UDF" "UFS" "ZFS" 

robert-hamiltons-macbook-pro:~ rob$ diskutil resizeVolume disk0s4 20G JHFS+
  • but this gives me: "Volume format does not support resizing"
  • ok... its late and i'm dead... will try this tomorrow: http://endlessparadigm.com/forum/showthread.php?tid=4842 part 3... installing Fedora then resizing Windows partition there to "Unformatted" so that windows can be installed there on last partition... so annoying... so very cold...


  • time to clear out those partitions and try again:
sh-3.2# diskutil eraseVolume JHFS+ "Linux" disk0s3
Started erase on disk disk0s3 LINUX
Erasing 
Mounting disk
[ + 0%..10%..20%..30%..40%..50%..60%..70%..80%..90%..100% ] 
Finished erase on disk disk0s3 Linux
sh-3.2# diskutil eraseVolume JHFS+ "Windows" disk0s4
Started erase on disk disk0s4 WINDOWS
Erasing 
Mounting disk
[ + 0%..10%..20%..30%..40%..50%..60%..70%..80%..90%..100% ] 
Finished erase on disk disk0s4 Windows
  • Reboot with WinXP cd...
  • Window's can't install on C: so delete partition in Win XP setup to unpartitioned space, then try again
Create partition of size (in MB): 190772
C: Partition1 [New (Raw)]     190772 MB (190771 MB free)
   Unpartitioned space            8 MB

Now Win wants to format the partition using NTFS... no... bad


Links

http://pcsupport.about.com/od/termsf/p/fixmbr.htm

http://www.macgeekery.com/node/520/print

http://ubuntuforums.org/archive/index.php/t-397652.html

http://wiki.onmac.net/index.php/Triple_Boot_via_BootCamp

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