Even though Vi, man-page
(or its enhanced version Vim)
is somewhat awkward to use at first, it enables
fast, simple, and effective editing once you get the hang of
it. A key concept in Vi is combining a certain action (delete,
copy to buffer, capitalize, etc.) with a movement (go to line
25, go to end of document, go to next occurrence of “foo,” go
to 2ND occurrence of character “x” in this line, etc.). The
action is performed on all lines or characters between the
current cursor position and the destination cursor position. Vi
is extremely powerful in moving around within (or between)
files--Vim in particular is excellent. You can jump to a
specific line, to the line where you were before jumping to the
current line, to the line in the middle of the screen, to the
line where you just changed “foo” into “bar,” etc. You'll
never have to mess with arrow keys to move around within a
file. VIM is an improved version of the editor "vi", one of the
standard text editors on UNIX systems.
For more information on Vi commands see
To quote the emacs, man-page
manual: Emacs is the extensible,
customizable, self-documenting real-time display editor. If this
seems to be a bit of a mouthful, an easier explanation is Emacs
is a text editor and more. At its core is an interpreter for
Emacs Lisp (“elisp”, for short), a dialect of the Lisp
programming language with extensions to support text
editing. Some of the features of GNU Emacs include:
Content sensitive major modes for a wide variety of file types,
from plain text to source code to HTML files.
Complete online documentation, including a tutorial for
Highly extensible through the Emacs Lisp language.
Support for many languages and their scripts, including all the European
“Latin” scripts, Russian, Greek, Japanese, Chinese, Korean,
Thai, Vietnamese, Lao, Ethiopian, and some Indian
A large number of extensions which add other functionality.
The GNU Emacs distribution includes many extensions; many others are
available separately-even a web browser.
Emacs is the editor of choice of many developers, and even is used
for word processing and email. Yo can even compile and debug inside
is a highly customizable text editor and application
development system. Learning XEmacs is a lifelong activity and
even people who have used Emacs for years keep discovering new
features. You should be able to start Xemacs by typing
xemacs on the command shell. Almost all features of
Emacs are supported in XEmacs (the ones that aren't supported
are generally implemented in a better way in XEmacs). XEmacs
has an extensive interactive help facility, but assumes that
you know how to manipulate XEmacs windows and buffers. CTRL-h
enters the Help facility. Help Tutorial (CTRL-h t)
requests an interactive tutorial which can teach beginners the
fundamentals of XEmacs in a few minutes. Help Apropos (CTRL-h
a) helps you find a command given its functionality, Help Key
Binding (CTRL-h k) describes a given key sequence's
effect, and Help Func tion (CTRL-h f) describes a
given Lisp function specified by name. All of these help
functions, and more, are available on the Help menu if you are
using a window system.
One of the interesting features that makes XEmacs useful at ccrma
is that it can run lisp as a sub-process in one of the buffers
so that all emacs editing commands can be applied to the lisp
expressions you are evaluating. For this (and other features) to
work you need to have the proper incantations in a file in your
home directory called ".emacs". This file takes care of
initializing things properly for all supported programming,
typing or text modes.
If Vi or Emacs seem not too friendly, you might try Gedit.
gedit is a full-featured text editor for the
GNOME desktop environment. You can use it to prepare simple notes and
documents, or you can use some of its advanced features, making it
your own software development environment.
gedit is written in C and Python and built on
the GTK+ toolkit. It is part of the core application suite of
GNOME. It has syntax-highlighting for a wide variety of different