Stanford Virtual Reality Design Lab @ CCRMA

Located in the Reality Room at Stanford's Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics (CCRMA), the Stanford VR Design Lab conducts research in the artful design of virtual, augmented, and mixed reality (VR, AR, XR) for human expression and creativity. The VR Design Lab supports design research projects at CCRMA, and collaborates with Computer Science, Art and Art History, and Communication at Stanford and beyond.

Our research questions include:
• What does it mean to design artfully in the medium?
• What are VR's artistic, philosophical, humanistic implications?
• How might we design virtual environments that encourage play, stillness, and calm?
• What new experiences can we craft for artful, interactive, multi-modal storytelling?
• How to design new tools for expressive VR? (see: Chunity)
• What new musical instruments and interactions are possible?
• What does it mean to perform in virtual reality?
• How might we play music socially in a virtual space?

• Chunity: the ChucK music programming language in the Unity game engine

Join us
• VR Community mailing list for events, software releases, discussions

Also check our our friends around Stanford:
• VHIL: Stanford's Virtual Human Interaction Lab
• Stanford XR: students-run XR design organization



Ge Wang is an Associate Professor at Stanford/CCRMA, the designer of the ChucK music programming language, director of the Stanford Laptop Orchestra, Co-founder of Smule, designer of Ocarina and Magic Piano for mobile phones, a 2016 Guggenheim Fellow, and the author of Artful Design: Technology in Search of the Sublime, a (comic) book about the craft, aesthetics, and ethics of shaping technology. Ge leads the Music.Computing.Design research group at CCRMA.


Jack Atherton is a Ph.D. student at CCRMA studying immersive musical environments and programming languages in VR. His work hopes to help more people make musical art in informal contexts as a means of enriching their lives. He uses the lenses of folk art, artful design, human flourishing, and audio-first virtual realities to figure out what to do next!

Kunwoo Kim is a CCRMA Ph.D. student, researching artful design in various mediums, including the designing of aesthetic lenses of human values in the medium of VR. His previous works—Music and Evolution, MIDI.CITI, rU01, rU10, and The Fisherman—express human qualities in the form of real-time audiovisual interactions. He aspires to expand his design into social, philosophic, and ethical dimensions of virtual reality, and suggest future directions and artful methods of imbuing human nature and music into this immersive medium.

Kathleen Yuan is a master's student at CCRMA designing participative VR music experiences to encourage human flourishing through reflecting on our individual and collective human conditions. Kathleen is currently contemplating how to create virtual spaces for asynchronous group improvisation, capture rich social histories in VR, help people cultivate a sense of agency and ownership in shared creative work, and befriend as many cats as possible.

Marise van Zyl is a Ph.D. student at CCRMA who is slowly making her way into the world of VR. She is interested in bridging physical distance through immersive environments and creating platforms for engaging in rich social interactions. She just wants to spread some love and music in the world!

Julia Mills is a master’s student at CCMRA, interested in the intersection between VR experiences and algorithmic composition tools. Her work tends to focus on the surreal and our relationship to the natural world. Currently, her research is centered around answering the question “Why VR?” and exploring conscientious approaches to this new medium.

Andrew Zhu Aday is a master's student at CCRMA interested in exploring the potential of VR as an educational tool and creative medium for new musical experiences. His current work focuses on creating a VR environment where users can construct and perform harmonic lattices as a way of learning about functional harmony. Looking forward, he hopes to continue experimenting with novel audiovisual design patterns and interactions.


Marina Cottrell is a master's student at CCRMA, and is interested in how machine learning can be used to better create music and understand how we as humans interact with it. Through her work on the Facebook Audio team, she has also become interested in 360 audio and the nuances of sound in 3D space. Her previous VR works have explored her interest in musical gaming, but she is interested in branching out and creating other ways of experiencing music through VR. She has a dog Lola who is learning to keep her distance when Marina has a Vive on her face.

Charles Foster is a master's student at CCRMA, studying design in the context of interactive sound. He works to bring elements of the strange, the uncanny, and the sublime—often encountered in the "real world"—into his electronic and virtual creations. Within the VR Design lab, he has been experimenting with the design of virtual sacred spaces: environments meant to evoke a sense of transcendence and stillness. His work-in-progress work, Form, is a small audio-visuo-tacti-temporal demo of this sort of space. He hopes that when the world of virtual and augmented reality arrives, we remember to bring such places with us.

Mark Sabini is a coterm in Computer Science, interested in exploring the aesthetics of VR group performance. Many of his previous works, such as MandalaBox and Unblind, draw on his fascination with world cultures and music. Regardless of the medium or project, he always aspires to find ways to make things beautiful, whatever that may mean.

Trijeet Mukhopadhyay is a graduate student at Stanford HCI, working in the intersection of design, art, and technology. He is interested in designing tools for creative expression, and has been drawn to VR to explore its nascent design space and multisensorial affordances.

Many thanks to...

Matt Wright for his help to set up the space and hardware.
Nette Worthey for facilitaing many equipment orders, and for general good cheer.
Stanford Arts for their support and connecting groups interested in VR research at Stanford and beyond.
The CCRMA community!

VR Design Lab Showcase 2022

Friday, May 13th 2022
Join us for the Spring 2022 VR Design Lab "Open House"
featuring Jack Atherton's Ph.D. defense and a showcase of our latest projects!

Zoom: Jack Atherton Ph.D. Defense
9am-10am PT
Zoom: VR Lab Projects Showcase
1pm-2pm PT

9am-10am PTPh.D. Defense: Jack Atherton
"Tool-building for Amateur Creativity in Virtual Reality"
CCRMA Stage (in-person) and over Zoom

10am-1pm PT - Break
(Jack enters Ph.D. closed session)

1pm-2pm PT — VR Lab Projects Showcase
(remote over Zoom)
Ge Wang and Kunwoo Kim"Project VVRMA" (2022)
designing a virtual field trip to CCRMA in VR
Kunwoo Kim and Ge Wang"VVRMA: The Ear (2022)
the first VVRMA Zone of Interest — The Ear
Julia Mills"Inner Transmissions" (2022)
one installation; three different mediums
Kathleen Yuan"DL.VR" (2022)
Deep Listening in Virtual Reality
Andrew Zhu Aday"Harmonic Visualization in VR" (2022)
exploring harmonic space in VR

2pm-3:30pm PT — VR Lab Demo Session
CCRMA, First Floor (in-person)

VR Design Lab Demo Day 2021

Thursday, May 27th 2021, 10:00am Pacific
Join us (remotely over Zoom) for the Spring 2021 VR Design Lab "Demo Day" / Open Lab
for a showcase of our latest projects!
(event duration: 1 hours + addition discussions)

free and open to all

Marise van ZylWelcome to Virtual Virtual Reality (2021)
somethings are more virtual than others...

Ge Wang — "Current XR Research @ CCRMA"
what are we doing in virtual reality?

Kunwoo KimAURA.VR (2021)
audiovisual performance in VR

Kathleen YuanDL.VR (2021)
Deep Listening in Virtual Reality

Jack Atherton (and all) — Reality by Example Together (2021)
a multi-person creation safe place

VR Design Lab Demo Day 2019

Tuesday, June 11th, 2019
Join us for the Spring 2019 CCRMA VR Design Lab "Demo Day" / Open Lab!
Presentations and Demos starting 4pm, 5:30pm, 7pm

for time slot

Ge Wang — "Current VR Research @ CCRMA"

Kunwoo KimMIDI.CITI.VR (2019)
a musical VR city

Charles FosterSign (2019)
the sacred, the sublime, the gestural (and compact discs)

Marina CottrellMuseum (2019)
a VR museum experience

Mark SabiniShadow Puppet (2019)
virtual shadow puppetry

Jack Atherton12 Sentiments in VR (2018-2019)
aesthetics-driven movements in the emotional life cycle of a plant

VR Design Lab Demo Day 2018

Friday, December 14, 2018
Join us for the first VR Design Lab "Demo Day" / Open House!
Hourly programs at 1pm, 2pm, 4pm (in conjunction with the CCRMA Holiday Party)

for time slot

Hourly Program
Ge Wang — "VR Research @ CCRMA"

Kunwoo KimEmpathy (2018)
perspective-driven audiovisual narrative in VR

Marina CottrellPiano in VR (2018)
foot-mediated music interface

Charles FosterForm (2018)
an electric dream of sacred geometries

Jack Atherton12 Movements in VR (2018)
narrative of the emotional life cycle of a plant